If you’re looking for a reliable backup power source for your home, you probably want to make sure it can run certain vital appliances. However, not all generators are created equal; some are more powerful than others.
Generators are typically rated in watts. The higher the wattage, the more power it can produce in one cycle. This, in turn, determine how much power your generator can generate in a given period.
One of the common mistakes people make when buying a generator is overestimating how much wattage they need based on their electric load. They don’t realize that many of their appliances require different wattages.
So, to help you understand what a 9000-watt generator can and cannot run, we’ve compiled an easy-to-follow article. We’ll also give you some examples of appliances to know precisely what generator’s wattage is appropriate for your needs.
Table of Contents
What is a 9000 Watt Generator?
At its most basic level, it’s simply an energy generator that can produce up to 9,000 watts of energy. In terms of power output, it’s considered pretty high-end. However, there are smaller and larger generators, depending on your needs and budget.
As with most items, you get what you pay. And while these large generators may seem prohibitively expensive, they’re certainly more affordable than other forms of energy generation (e.g., fuel cells and solar panels).
Understanding the Basic of a Generator
A generator is an electrical machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. It produces power or current at a specific voltage and frequency.
When choosing your generator, it’s essential to consider what you need it for because generators are rated by their wattage output, which tells you how much power they produce.
For example: In our case, we have a 9000-watt generator which means it produces 9 kilowatts of power per hour (one kilowatt = 1000 watts). The more watts a generator has, the more household appliances you can run simultaneously.
But before we get further into what this size of a generator can power, let’s look at some basic terms to understand how generators work and what they can power.
These terms include Watts (W), kilowatts (kW), Amperage (Amps), Voltage (V) and Hertz (kHz). If you look at any plug with prongs, you will see the three values present.
1. Wattage
A watt is a unit of power that represents how fast energy is being used (or produced). It is measured either in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW). One kilowatt equals 1000 watts). For example, it takes 0.746 kilowatts to light an average 60-watt light bulb.
2. Amperage
Amperage refers to how much electrical current flows through a wire over time (measured in amps).
3. Voltage
Voltage refers to how strong a charge of electricity is (measured in volts). Think of voltage as the water pressure from a faucet or blood pressure from your arm cuff.
4. Hertz
This refers to how many times a generator takes to complete an electrical cycle per second and measured in kilohertz (kHz). The higher the frequency, the greater the output.
How Much Power Does a 9000 Watt Generator Produce?
The exact amount of power produced by your 9000-watt generator depends on several factors, including but not limited to:
1. The make and model of the generator
Each generator will have amp/wattage ratings, which can be calculated by multiplying their amp rating (as listed in the owner’s manual) times their wattage output.
2. The number of items running on it simultaneously
The more appliances and devices running off a generator, the less the overall output power produced. You first need to know how much wattage each of your home’s devices draws.
3. Environmental conditions
As temperature drops, so does a generator’s capacity to generate power. In warm temperatures, there tends to be less air friction around each stroke of a piston engine, resulting in more incredible overall performance.
4. The distance from the generator to appliances
The further your AC goes from its source, the weaker and less helpful that power becomes due to line loss. Resistance within the wires causes potential energy to be lost during transmission.
That being said, to determine precisely how much power is produced by a 9000-watt generator, let’s take a look at some fundamental physics.
The three variables that affect an electric current are amperage (the total amount of electricity running through a circuit), voltage (the strength of an electric charge) and resistance (resistance hinders an electric current).
The formula for calculating power output is Watts = Volts x Amps. With that knowledge, we can use Ohm’s Law—Voltage (E) = current (I) multiplied by resistance (R)—to calculate how much watts it will produce given those values.
In our example, if you run a 9000-watt generator on 120 volts like most households do (through an extension cord with no additional load), multiplying 120 V x 0 amps equals zero watts.
However, if you run just one 10-amp appliance on such a powerful machine, then P=120Vx10A would equal 1,200W. If you plugged in two more similar appliances, then you’d be generating 2,400W.
If all three appliances were incandescent bulbs, whose average power draw is about 60 watts each, then a 9kW generator would be producing 3,000-3,600 W to run the total 1,800 watts needed by the bulbs without trouble. Note that these values are theoretical estimates and may not reflect your circumstances.
Again, these numbers are averages and assume no fluctuations in your home’s electrical supply. In reality, you should treat every generator as if it’s underpowered. Going overboard can lead to serious safety issues. Also, check that your appliance’s wattage rating isn’t lower than what you’re plugging into it.
So, What Can a 9,000 Watt Generator Run?
Now that you know how powerful your generator is, you’re probably wondering what you can run. This question is best answered case-by-case basis; different generators will have different outputs (even when rated at 9,000 watts). And various appliances have varying power demands as well.
That being said, when determining how many appliances and devices you can plug into a given generator, you’ll want to look at its running watts (in amps) instead of its starting watts. Why? Because a generator’s actual running watts can vary significantly from its peak output.
Furthermore, many manufacturers provide only partial data about their generators’ capacities, leaving consumers uninformed about actual power needs. So ensure you get all available information before making a decision.
A Table Showcasing Various Appliances a 9000-watt Generator Can Run.
A 9,000-watt generator can run most medium-sized homes in case of an emergency. Some examples of what you can power include your refrigerator, freezer, one air conditioner and several ceiling fans, water heater, lights and outlets.
However, if you plug in too many appliances and exceed what your generator’s wattage rating can handle, it will result in a power failure or even overloading.
In our case, the total watts for the appliances powered by our 9,000 watts generator should not exceed more than 75% max load or 6,750 watts.
Here is a table highlighting appliances you can run based on their wattage
Surge and Running Watts of Typical Household Appliances
Appliances | Starting Watts | Running Watts | |
1. | Refrigerator | 800 | 700 |
2. | Three light bulbs (50 watts each) | 225 | 150 |
3. | Blender | N/A | 350 |
4. | Microwave | 700 | 600 |
5. | One air conditioner | N/A | 400 |
6. | Water heater | 350 | 325 |
7. | Four ceiling fans (35 watts each) | N/A | 140 |
Total | – | 2,665 |
From our chart, you can see that you will be able to run all the household appliances for quite some time.
With our hypothetical setup, the total maximum load of items being powered by your generator does not exceed 75%. This ensures operating within the generator’s designated wattage and capabilities. Exceeding 75% max load will strain and possibly even damage your generator or cause it to fail prematurely.
Faqs About What Will a 9000 Watt Generator Run
1. Will a 9500-watt generator run my house?
The short answer is yes. A generator capable of producing 9500 watts can generate enough electricity to power your refrigerator, freezer, and a few other appliances. That is if only total running watts do not exceed 9,500 watts.
2. How big of a generator do I need to run my house?
In general, you’ll need to match your generator to your electricity needs. To determine the amount of power you are consuming, consider adding up all of your devices and multiply that by their wattage. However, the wattage required to run an average house will run anywhere from 5 to 7 kW.
3. How many amps does a 9000-watt generator produce?
A 9,000-watt generator will produce 40.91 amps at 220 volts and 37.50 amps at 240.
4. How many appliances will a 9000-watt generator run?
In general terms, a 9000-watt generator will power seven 500-watt devices at half load without exceeding 80% of its capacity.
5. How big of a generator do I need for a 1500sq ft. house?
A 1500sq ft. house requires somewhere between 2,500 and 4,000 watts of continuous power to run continuously (including things like lights, water pump, refrigerator/freezer).
6. What size breaker do I need for a 9500-watt generator?
A breaker size of 50 amps is ideal for any generator rated between 8000 and 15000 watts. However, if you’re looking to run more than one high-powered appliance simultaneously, you may want to go with a 75-amp panel instead.
In that case, consult your electrician about installing a panel that allows for more wattage to avoid tripping circuits or blowing fuses.
7. Will a 10000-watt generator run a house?
Yes, a 10000-watt generator can run several major appliances and power tools in a house. However, the amount of wattage you’ll need to run your devices will depend on how many of them are being used simultaneously.
8. How does a generator hook up to your house?
Before you can start using your generator, you’ll need to hook it up to a power source. If your house has service from an electric company, you’ll connect directly to your home’s electrical panel (also known as a breaker box) and plugin.
9. How do I calculate what size generator I need?
To figure out how many watts you need from your generator, you’ll need to determine what kind of loads you want to power. If you’re going to run a specific number of bulbs or appliances simultaneously, add up their wattage requirements and compare their total with what your generator can produce.
You might also find it helpful to call an electrician to give you an estimate based on your home’s current electrical setup and existing wiring.
Conclusion
The bottom line is that a 9000-watt generator can run most major appliances in your home. That being said, not every household appliance is created equal.
To figure out the amount of power needed to run a particular appliance, consider the number of amps and the size of the appliance. To narrow down your options, remember to use the chart above as it provides examples of what appliances can be powered by a 9000-watt generator.
However, it’s always best to consult your owner’s manual before running any significant appliances. Also, ensure to do proper research before purchasing a generator so that you understand its capabilities and limits.
Check out this video for more